brain

Reye‘s syndrome

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Reye‘s syndrome Reye’s syndrome most commonly affects children under the age of 15. It usually starts about a week after a viral infection, such as a cold, flu, or measles. Doctors are still not sure what exactly is causing Reye’s syndrome. However, research shows that Reye’s syndrome can be activated if aspirin is given to […]

blood

Thrombocytosis

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Thrombocytosis and its causes Bones contain sponge tissue, the bone marrow, which has basic cells that are transformed into red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. Platelets travel through the blood vessels and suppress to clot the blood so that bleeding stops when damage to the blood vessel occurs, such as when we cut […]

eyes

Conjunctivitis (pink eye)

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis The conjunctiva is a transparent and smooth mucous membrane that covers the sclera (the white of the eye) and the inner surface of the eyelid, connecting the posterior eyelid surface and the eyeball. Conjunctiva responds to a wide range of bacteria, viruses, infections, allergies, toxic agents, and it is also associated with other diseases. […]

fungal infections

Nail fungus

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nail fungus

Nail fungus – what is it? Nail fungus occurs when the fungus invades the nail on the hands / feet or the skin under the nail. They can attack the nails through small incisions in the skin around the nail or through the opening of the nail and the skin under the nail. If you […]

digestive system

Peptic ulcer

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peptic ulcer

Peptic ulcer – what is a peptic ulcer Peptic ulcer (peptic ulcer disease) represents open sores in the mucous membrane of the lower esophagus, stomach or duodenum mainly as a result of bacterial infection caused by Helicobacter pylori. The most common symptom is severe stomach pain that extends from the navel to the sternum. If […]

digestive system

Crohn‘s disease

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Crohn's disease

Crohn‘s disease Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract that can affect any part of the digestive system, from the oral cavity to the end of the colon, and is often difficult to distinguish from ulcerous colitis (inflammation of the colon with ulcerations). Most commonly, the affected part of the gastrointestinal tract […]

respiratory system

Common cold

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common cold

Common cold The common cold is the most common of all viral infections of the upper respiratory tract. It usually occurs in the colder periods of the year. The common cold is an acute, usually afebrile, viral infection with inflammation of some or all of the organs of the upper respiratory tract, including the nose, […]

atherosclerosis

Brain aneurysm

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brain aneurysm

Brain aneurysm A brain aneurysm is an abnormal enlargement of a blood vessel in the brain. Arteries that supply the brain are branched out from the set of arteries that is located at the base of the brain. Those branching sites are the most common locations where brain aneurysms occur. Brain aneurysms can affect anyone, […]

bones

Osteoporosis

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osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a systematic bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass, changed bone structure, and increased risk of fracture. It is most commonly found in postmenopausal women due to the decrease of estrogen in the blood. Osteoporosis is an asymptomatic disease that often goes unnoticed until the bone fracture happens. […]

brain

Alzheimer‘s disease

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Alzheimer‘s disease Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that causes disorders of memory, thinking, and behavior and is not part of the normal aging process. It is caused by the decrease in the amount of the neurotransmitter called acetylcholine, due to the death of cholinergic neurons. Signs and symptoms Alzheimer‘s disease starts with a progressive […]