atherosclerosis

Brain aneurysm

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Brain anerysm

A brain aneurysm is an abnormal enlargement of a blood vessel in the brain. Arteries that supply the brain are branched out from the set of arteries that is located at the base of the brain. Those branching sites are the most common locations where brain aneurysms occur. Brain aneurysms can affect anyone, including children, […]

hypertension

Hypertension in pregnancy

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Hypertension in pregnancy

Hypertension in pregnancy is the most common health disorder found in pregnant women, present in approximately 10% of this population. Nearly 8 – 13% of pregnant women in the United States are affected by this condition, and the prevalence is increasing in developing countries. It represents a major problem as it is one of the […]

atrial fibrillation

Sleep apnea

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What is sleep apnea Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that is manifested with short-term interruption of external breathing with preservation of internal breathing, or a pause in breathing that lasts between 3 and 10 seconds. Insufficient attention is given to this disease although it’s not such a rare disorder, as it is estimated that […]

hypertension

The link between hypertension and insomnia

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The link between hypertension and insomnia was questioned for a long time, as those two conditions are co-related, but first, we need to see what insomnia really is. Insomnia Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. It involves difficulty in sleep initiation, difficulty in maintaining the sleeping state or falling asleep after an early wake-up. […]

hypertension

Effects of nicotine

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Effects of nicotine

It is clearly established that effects of nicotine increase mortality and cardiovascular events (CV), however, the price of smoking is often neglected. Behavioral interventions and stop assisting treatments are effective and do not increase the risk of CV events when used over a specified period. E-cigarettes (or vaporettes) contain potentially cardiotoxic substances but lower concentrations […]

diabetes

Retinopathy

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retinopathy

Retinopathy refers to any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision impairment. Often it refers to a retinal vascular disease, or the damage to the vessels of the retina caused by abnormal blood flow. It can be broadly categorized into proliferative and non-proliferative types. By examining the retina, the light-sensitive layer […]

hypertension

Essential hypertension

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essential hypertension

Essential hypertension (called idiopathic hypertension or primary hypertension) is the form of hypertension that has no identifiable cause. It is usually familial and is likely to be the consequence of a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. On the other hand, the other type of hypertension is secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension is high blood […]