diabetes

Diabetic foot

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Diabetes Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder in which the body can not produce or effectively use the hormone insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is responsible for enabling the conversion of sugar into energy in the cells of the body, and if this function is impaired, blood sugar (glucose) levels can become abnormally […]

hypertension

Chronic kidney disease

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chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease Chronic kidney disease (chronic kidney insufficiency / chronic renal failure) is a disorder in which kidneys are losing their function gradually over time. That process usually takes months or years. It can not be reversed, but with early diagnosis, appropriate treatment and some changes in lifestyle, it can slow down or in […]

food

Black pepper

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black pepper

Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) is a perennial, flowering plant whose fruit has been used for centuries for human consumption as a spice and because of its medicinal properties. Black pepper has been the most traded product on the world market of spices throughout history, and today it is one of the most commercial tropical cultures. […]

blood

Thrombocytopenia

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Thrombocytopenia

Thrombocytopenia Thrombocytopenia represents a decrease in the number of blood cells called blood platelets, which may cause bleeding in the skin and internal organs. This is a lack of blood platelets, small blood cells that play a key role in the closure of damaged blood vessels may cause excessive bleeding. Normal blood platelet count in […]

atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis

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heart health

Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a disorder in which arterial wall stiffens and loses its elasticity caused by the formation of thickening (atherosclerotic plaque) in its inner layers, which can reduce or obstruct blood flow. Although it is more common in the male population, its prevalence increases in women after the menopause and equalizes with the prevalence […]

blood

Epistaxis (Nosebleed)

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Epistaxis

Epistaxis – epidemiology Epistaxis represents bleeding from a nose, and it is fairly common phenomena which can occur at any age, but it is most common in young children (2 – 10 years) and elderly population as opposed to older children and adults. Moreover, epistaxis is very rare in very young children (< 2 years) […]

hypertension

Hypertension in pregnancy

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hypertension in pregnancy

Epidemiology of hypertension in pregnancy Hypertension in pregnancy is the most common health disorder found in pregnant women, present in approximately 10% of this population. Nearly 8 – 13% of pregnant women in the United States are affected by this condition, and the prevalence is increasing in developing countries. Hypertension in pregnancy represents a major […]

blood

Platelets (Thrombocytes)

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platelets

Platelets (Thrombocytes) represent the fragments of the cell named megakaryocyte, which is a type of bone marrow cells sent into the circulation. Thrombocytes are small and oval plates with a diameter of only 2 – 4 mm. Normal platelet count range from 150.000 – 450.000 per μL of blood. Platelet development Megakaryocyte comes from hematopoietic […]

Frank's sign

Frank’s sign

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Frank's sign

Frank’s sign Frank’s sign is a diagonal crease in the ear lobe which is considered as a predictive sign of heart disease. It was named after the American pulmonologist, Dr. Sanders T. Frank, who first noticed the connection between heart diseases and creases on one or both ear lobes. The crease is usually spread almost […]

food

Soup – Why is soup healthy

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soup

Soup has had a special place in human nutrition for thousands of years. And since ancient times, it has special importance due to its health effects. In the whole world, beginning with the first civilizations and cultures, it has always been extremely appreciated thanks to its nutritional and medicinal properties, which in the past decades […]